As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 10, 2023.
Registration No. 333-
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
CHECKPOINT THERAPEUTICS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
95 Sawyer Road, Suite 110
Waltham, Massachusetts 02453
(Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Registrant’s Principal Executive Offices)
James F. Oliviero III
President & Chief Executive Officer
95 Sawyer Road, Suite 110
Waltham, Massachusetts 02453
(Name, Address, Including Zip Code, and Telephone Number, Including Area Code, of Agent For Service)
Matthew W. Mamak, Esq.
Alston & Bird LLP
90 Park Avenue
New York, NY 10016
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: As soon as practicable after the effective date of this Registration Statement.
If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box: ¨
If any of the securities being registered on this form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only in connection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check the following box. x
If this form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨
If this form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. ¨
If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ¨
If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Large accelerated filer ¨||Accelerated filer ¨|
|Non-accelerated filer x||Smaller reporting company x|
|Emerging growth company x|
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. x
The Registrant hereby amends this registration statement on such date or dates as may be necessary to delay its effective date until the Registrant shall file a further amendment which specifically states that this registration statement shall thereafter become effective in accordance with Section 8(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 or until the registration statement shall become effective on such date as the Securities and Exchange Commission, acting pursuant to said Section 8(a), may determine.
The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be changed. We may not sell these securities until the registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these securities and we are not soliciting offers to buy these securities in any jurisdiction where the offer or sale is not permitted.
Subject To Completion, Dated March 10, 2023
2,942,858 Shares of Common Stock underlying certain Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants
This prospectus relates to the resale from time to time by certain selling stockholders identified herein of 1,428,572 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, underlying those certain Series A warrants (the “Series A Warrants”), 1,428,572 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, underlying those certain Series B warrants (the “Series B Warrants”), and 85,714 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, underlying those certain Placement Agent Warrants (the “Placement Agent Warrants,” and together with the Series A Warrants and Series B Warrants, the ”Warrants”). We refer to the 2,942,858 shares of common stock underlying the Warrants being registered herein as the “Registered Securities.”
The selling stockholders may offer, sell or distribute all or a portion of the Registered Securities publicly or through private transactions at prevailing market prices or at negotiated prices. The selling stockholders may retain underwriters, dealers or agents from time to time. See “Plan of Distribution” for more information about how the selling stockholders may sell the Registered Securities.
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the Registered Securities but we agreed to bear the expenses relating to the registration of the Registered Securities.
Our common stock is listed for trading on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “CKPT.”
We are an “emerging growth company” as defined in the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act and will therefore be subject to reduced reporting requirements.
Investing in our securities involves risks. See “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, which has been filed with the SEC and are incorporated by reference into this prospectus. You should read this entire prospectus carefully before you make your investment decision.
Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is , 2023.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS||1|
|Special Note Regarding Forward Looking Statements||4|
|USE OF PROCEEDS||9|
|PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION||12|
|DESCRIPTION OF SECURITIES||14|
|WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION||17|
|INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE||17|
|PART II INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS||II-1|
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is part of a registration statement that we have filed with the SEC pursuant to which the selling stockholders named herein may, from time to time, offer and sell or otherwise dispose of the shares of our common stock, $0.0001 par value (“common stock”) covered by this prospectus. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus is accurate on any date subsequent to the date set forth on the front cover of this prospectus or that any information we have incorporated by reference is correct on any date subsequent to the date of the document incorporated by reference, even though this prospectus is delivered or shares of common stock are sold or otherwise disposed of on a later date. It is important for you to read and consider all information contained in this prospectus, including the documents incorporated by reference therein, in making your investment decision. You should also read and consider the information in the documents to which we have referred you under “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Information Incorporated by Reference” in this prospectus.
We have not authorized anyone to give any information or to make any representation to you other than those contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. You must not rely upon any information or representation not contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any of our shares of common stock other than the shares of our common stock covered hereby, nor does this prospectus constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities in any jurisdiction to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation in such jurisdiction. Persons who come into possession of this prospectus in jurisdictions outside the United States are required to inform themselves about, and to observe, any restrictions as to the offering and the distribution of this prospectus applicable to those jurisdictions.
Unless we have indicated otherwise, or the context otherwise requires, references in this prospectus to “Checkpoint,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Checkpoint Therapeutics, Inc.
|We are a clinical-stage immunotherapy and targeted oncology company focused on the acquisition, development and commercialization of novel treatments for patients with solid tumor cancers. We are evaluating our lead antibody product candidate, cosibelimab, an anti-programmed death-ligand 1 antibody licensed from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (“Dana-Farber”), in an ongoing multi-regional, open-label, multicohort Phase 1 clinical trial in checkpoint therapy-naïve patients with selected recurrent or metastatic cancers, including ongoing cohorts in locally advanced and metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (“CSCC”) intended to support one or more applications for marketing approval. Based on positive topline and interim results in metastatic and locally advanced CSCC, respectively, Checkpoint submitted a Biologics License Application the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) for these indications in January 2023. In addition, we are evaluating our lead small-molecule, targeted anti-cancer agent, olafertinib (formerly CK-101), a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (“EGFR”) inhibitor, as a potential new treatment for patients with EGFR mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (“NSCLC”).|
|In June 2022, we announced interim results from a registration-enabling cohort of our multi-regional, Phase 1 clinical trial of cosibelimab in patients with locally advanced CSCC that are not candidates for curative surgery or radiation. Cosibelimab demonstrated a confirmed objective response rate (“ORR”) of 54.8% (95% CI: 36.0, 72.7) based on independent central review of 31 patients enrolled in the cohort using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 (“RECIST 1.1”).|
|In January 2022, we announced topline results from a registration-enabling cohort of our multi-regional, Phase 1 clinical trial of cosibelimab in patients with metastatic CSCC. The cohort met its primary endpoint, with cosibelimab demonstrating a confirmed ORR of 47.4% (95% CI: 36.0, 59.1) based on independent central review of 78 patients enrolled in the metastatic CSCC cohort using RECIST 1.1.|
|We have also entered into various collaboration agreements with TG Therapeutics, Inc., a related party, to develop and commercialize certain assets in connection with our licenses in the field of hematological malignancies, while we retain the right to develop and commercialize these assets in solid tumors.|
|To date, we have not received approval for the sale of any product candidate in any market and, therefore, have not generated any product sales from any product candidates. In addition, we have incurred substantial operating losses since our inception, and expect to continue to incur significant operating losses for the foreseeable future and may never become profitable. As of September 30, 2022, we have an accumulated deficit of $241.5 million.|
|We are a majority-controlled subsidiary of Fortress Biotech, Inc (“Fortress”).|
|About this Offering|
|On February 20, 2023, we entered into a securities purchase agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) with an investor (the “Purchaser”). The Purchase Agreement provided for the sale and issuance by us of an aggregate of: (i) 1,428,572 shares (or pre-funded warrants in lieu thereof) (the “Shares”) of our common stock, (ii) Series A warrants (the “Series A Warrants”) to purchase up to 1,428,572 shares of our common stock, (iii) Series B warrants (the “Series B Warrants”) to purchase up to 1,428,572 shares of our common stock, and (iv) Placement Agent warrants (the “Placement Agent Warrants”) to purchase up to 85,714 shares of our common stock. The offering price per share of common stock and accompanying warrants was $5.25. The Series A Warrants were exercisable immediately upon issuance and will expire five years following the issuance date and have an exercise price of $5.00 per share. The Series B Warrants were exercisable immediately upon issuance and will expire eighteen months following the issuance date and have an exercise price of $5.00 per share. The Placement Agent Warrants were exercisable immediately upon issuance and will expire five years following the issuance date and have an exercise price of $6.5625 per share.|
|The Shares (or pre-funded warrants in lieu thereof) described above were offered pursuant to an effective shelf registration statement on Form S-3 (Registration No. 333-251005) and a related prospectus supplement filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Registered Direct Offering”). The Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants described above were issued in a concurrent private placement (the “Private Placement” and together with the Registered Direct Offering, the “Offerings”). The Offerings closed on February 22, 2023.|
|We agreed to register the “Registered Securities.”|
|Checkpoint Therapeutics, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware on November 10, 2014, and commenced principal operations in March 2015. Our principal executive offices are located at 95 Sawyer Road, Suite 110, Waltham, MA 02453, and our telephone number is (781) 652-4500. We maintain a website on the Internet at www.checkpointtx.com and our e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org. Our internet website, and the information contained on it, are not to be considered part of this prospectus. For further information regarding us and our financial information, you should refer to our recent filings with the SEC. See “Where You Can Find More Information” and “Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference.”|
|A certificate of amendment of Checkpoint’s certificate of incorporation for a 1-for-10 reverse split of Checkpoint’s issued and outstanding Common Stock was effective as of December 6, 2022. Unless otherwise indicated, all share numbers herein, including Common Stock and all securities convertible into Common Stock, give effect to the Reverse Stock Split. However, documents incorporated by reference into this prospectus that were filed prior to December 6, 2022, do not give effect to the Reverse Stock Split.|
|Our Common Stock is listed on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “CKPT”.|
SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
Certain matters discussed in this prospectus may constitute forward-looking statements for purposes of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from the future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. The words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “may,” “expect,” “will,” “could,” “project,” “intend” and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements. Our actual results may differ materially from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors, including, without limitation, those discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” contained in this prospectus, any prospectus supplement, any applicable free writing prospectus, or under similar heading in the other documents that are incorporated by reference into this prospectus. All written or oral forward-looking statements attributable to us are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. Such forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about our:
|•||expectations for increases or decreases in expenses;|
|•||expectations for the clinical and pre-clinical development, manufacturing, regulatory approval, and commercialization of our pharmaceutical product candidates or any other products we may acquire or in-license;|
|•||use of clinical research centers and other contractors;|
|•||expectations as to the timing of commencing or completing pre-clinical and clinical trials and the expected outcomes of those trials, including the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemics or other crises’ potentials to negatively affect the hospitals and clinical sites in which we may conduct any of our clinical trials, and patients’ willingness to access those sites to continue the trials;|
intention to use data from our ongoing Phase 1 clinical trial of cosibelimab to support the submissions of one or more U.S. Biologics License Applications and relatedly, our assumption that exclusively foreign clinical data may be acceptable to support marketing approval under Food and Drug Administration regulations;
expectations regarding the potential differentiation of cosibelimab, including a potentially favorable study profile as compared to the currently available anti-PD-1 therapies, the two-fold mechanism of action of cosibelimab translating into potential enhanced efficacy, and the projections of publication and regulatory submission timelines;
|•||expectations for incurring capital expenditures to expand our research and development and manufacturing capabilities;|
|•||expectations for generating revenue or becoming profitable on a sustained basis;|
|•||expectations or ability to enter into marketing and other partnership agreements;|
|•||expectations or ability to enter into product acquisition and in-licensing transactions;|
|•||expectations or ability to build our own commercial infrastructure to manufacture, market and sell our product candidates;|
|•||expectations for the acceptance of our products by doctors, patients or payors;|
|•||ability to compete against other companies and research institutions;|
|•||ability to secure adequate protection for our intellectual property;|
|•||ability to attract and retain key personnel;|
|•||ability to obtain reimbursement for our products;|
|•||estimates of the sufficiency of our existing cash and cash equivalents and investments to finance our operating requirements, including expectations regarding the value and liquidity of our investments;|
|•||stock price and the volatility of equity markets;|
|•||expected losses; and|
|•||expectations for future capital requirements.|
The forward-looking statements contained in this prospectus reflect our views and assumptions only as of the date of this prospectus. Except as required by law, we assume no responsibility for updating any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. New risks and uncertainties arise from time to time, and it is impossible for us to predict these events or how they may affect us.
Investment in our securities involves risks. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, you should consider carefully the risk factors discussed below and those contained in the section entitled “Risk Factors” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, as filed with the SEC on March 28, 2022, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety, as well as any amendment or update to our risk factors reflected in subsequent filings with the SEC. If any of the risks or uncertainties described in our SEC filings actually occurs, our business, financial condition, results of operations or cash flow could be materially and adversely affected. This could cause the trading price of our common stock to decline, resulting in a loss of all or part of your investment. The risks and uncertainties we have described are not the only ones facing our company. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently deem immaterial may also affect our business operations.
Risks Related to Our Common Stock and This Offering
The resale of our Common Stock by the selling stockholders could adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock and may cause substantial dilution to our existing stockholders.
We are registering for resale by the selling stockholders 1,428,572 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, underlying those certain Series A warrants (the “Series A Warrants”), 1,428,572 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, underlying those certain Series B warrants (the “Series B Warrants”), and 85,714 shares of common stock, $0.0001 par value, underlying those certain Placement Agent Warrants (the “Placement Agent Warrants,” and together with the Series A Warrants and Series B Warrants, the ”Warrants”). We refer to the 2,942,858 shares of common stock underlying the Warrants being registered herein as the “Registered Securities.”
The number of shares of common stock ultimately offered for sale by the selling stockholders under this prospectus is dependent upon the number of shares of common stock the selling stockholders elects to sell from time to time. Depending upon market liquidity at the time, sales of shares of our common stock upon the exercise of the Warrants, may cause the trading price of our common stock to decline.
The selling stockholders may sell all, some or none of the shares that they hold or come to hold upon the exercise of the Warrants. Sales by the selling stockholders of the shares acquired upon such exercise and sold under the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, may result in dilution to the interests of other holders of our common stock. The sale of a substantial number of shares of our common stock by the selling stockholders in this offering, or anticipation of such sales, could make it more difficult for us to sell equity or equity-related securities in the future at a time and at a price that we might otherwise wish to effect sales.
Holders of Warrants will have no rights as a common stockholder until they acquire our common stock.
The Warrants do not confer any rights of common stock ownership on their holders but rather merely represent the right to acquire shares of our common stock at a fixed price for a limited period of time. Only upon exercise of the Warrants will a holder be entitled to exercise the rights of a holder of our common stock.
The trading price of our Common Stock could be highly volatile, which could result in substantial losses for holders of our Common Stock.
Our stock price is volatile. The stock market in general and the market for pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies in particular have experienced extreme volatility that has often been unrelated to the operating performance of particular companies. As a result of this volatility, you may lose some or all of your investment. The market price for our Common Stock may be influenced by many factors, including:
|·||announcements relating to the clinical development of our product candidates;|
|·||announcements concerning the progress of our efforts to obtain regulatory approval for and commercialize our product candidates or any future product candidate, including any requests we receive from the FDA, or comparable regulatory authorities outside the United States, for additional studies or data that result in delays or additional costs in obtaining regulatory approval or launching these product candidates, if approved;|
|·||the depth and liquidity of the market for our common stock;|
|·||investor perceptions about us and our business;|
|·||market conditions in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology sectors or the economy as a whole, which may be impacted by economic or other crises or external factors, including the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global economy;|
|·||price and volume fluctuations in the overall stock market;|
|·||the failure of one or more of our product candidates or any future product candidate, if approved, to achieve commercial success;|
|·||announcements of the introduction of new products by us or our competitors;|
|·||developments concerning product development results or intellectual property rights of others;|
|·||litigation or public concern about the safety of our potential products;|
|·||actual fluctuations in our quarterly operating results, and concerns by investors that such fluctuations may occur in the future;|
|·||deviations in our operating results from the estimates of securities analysts or other analyst comments;|
|·||additions or departures of key personnel;|
|·||health care reform legislation, including measures directed at controlling the pricing of pharmaceutical products, and third-party coverage and reimbursement policies;|
|·||developments concerning current or future strategic collaborations; and|
|·||discussion of us or our stock price by the financial and scientific press and in online investor communities.|
In the past, securities class action litigation has often been brought against a company following a decline in the market price of its securities. This risk is especially relevant for pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, which have experienced significant stock price volatility in recent years.
You may experience future dilution as a result of future equity offerings.
In order to raise additional capital, we may in the future offer additional shares of our common stock or other securities convertible into or exchangeable for our common stock at prices different from the price you paid. We may sell shares or other securities in any other offering at a price per share that is less than the price per share paid by investors in this offering, and investors purchasing shares or other securities in the future could have rights superior to existing stockholders. If we sell Common Stock, convertible securities, or other equity securities, investors may be materially diluted by subsequent sales.
USE OF PROCEEDS
We will not receive any proceeds from the sale of the Registered Securities by the selling stockholders. We will bear all other costs, fees and expenses incurred by us, or by the selling stockholders, in effecting the registration of the Registered Securities. The selling stockholders, however, will pay any other expenses incurred in selling their Registered Securities, including any brokerage commissions or costs of sale.
The common stock being offered by the selling stockholders are those previously issued to the selling stockholders in the Offerings, and those issuable to the selling stockholders upon exercise of the Warrants. For additional information regarding the Offerings, see “Summary – About this Offering.” We are registering the Registered Securities in order to permit the selling stockholders to offer such securities for sale from time to time. Except for the ownership of the Registered Securities issued in the Offerings, the selling stockholders have not had any material relationship with us within the past three years.
The table below lists the selling stockholders and other information regarding the beneficial ownership of our common stock of each of the selling stockholders. The second column lists the number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by each selling stockholder, based on its ownership of the Warrants and our common stock, as of March 9, 2023, assuming exercise of all Warrants held by such selling stockholder on that date, without regard to any limitations on exercise.
This prospectus generally covers the resale of the maximum number of shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants, determined as if the outstanding Warrants were exercised in full as of the trading day immediately preceding the date the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part was initially filed with the SEC, each as of the trading day immediately preceding the applicable date of determination and all subject to adjustment as provided in the registration right agreement, without regard to any limitations on the exercise of the Warrants. The third column assumes the sale of all of the shares of common stock offered by the selling securityholders pursuant to this prospectus.
Under the terms of the Warrants, a selling securityholder may not exercise the Warrants to the extent such exercise would cause such selling securityholder, together with its affiliates and attribution parties, to beneficially own a number of shares of common stock which would exceed, at the direction of the selling securityholder, 9.99% of our then outstanding shares of common stock following such exercise, excluding for purposes of such determination of the shares of common stock issuable upon exercise of such Warrants which have not been exercised. The number of shares of common stock in the columns below do not reflect this limitation. The selling securityholders may sell all, some or none of their shares of common stock in this offering. See “Plan of Distribution.”
|Name of Selling|
to be Sold
|Percentage of Beneficial|
Ownership After Offering (3)
|Armistice Capital, LLC (4)||3,558,445||(5)||2,857,144||701,301||5.63||%|
|Michael Vasinkevich (6)(7)||121,683||(8)||54,964||66,719||(8)||0.05||%|
|Noam Rubinstein (6)(7)||31,863||(8)||18,857||13,006||(8)||*|
|John Chambers (6)(7)||27,912||(8)||8,143||19,769||(8)||*|
|Craig Schwabe (6)(7)||6,405||(8)||2,893||3,512||(8)||*|
|Charles Worthman (6)(7)||1,897||(8)||857||1,040||(8)||*|
* Represents percentage less than 0.01%
(1) All of the shares of common stock that are exercisable for the shares underlying the Warrants offered hereby contain certain beneficial ownership limitations, which provide that a holder of the securities will not have the right to exercise any portion of its Warrants if such holder, together with its affiliates and attribution parties, would beneficially own in excess of 4.99% or 9.99%, as applicable, of the number of shares of common stock outstanding immediately after giving effect to such exercise, provided that upon at least 61 days’ prior notice to us, a holder may increase or decrease such limitation up to a maximum of 9.99% of the number of shares of common stock outstanding. Additionally, stockholders may have acquired shares on the open market without the Company’s knowledge that may not be reflected.
(2) Represents shares of common stock underlying the Warrants issued to the selling stockholders in the private placement and offered hereby.
(3) We do not know when or in what amounts a selling stockholder may offer shares for sale. The selling stockholders might not sell any or might sell all of the shares offered by this prospectus. Because the selling stockholders may offer all or some of the shares pursuant to this offering, and because there are currently no agreements, arrangements or understandings with respect to the sale of any of the shares, we cannot estimate the number of the shares that will be held by the selling stockholders after completion of the offering. However, for purposes of this table, we have assumed that, after completion of the offering, none of the shares covered by this prospectus will be held by the selling stockholders, including common stock issuable upon exercise of the Warrants issued in the Offering.
(4) These securities are directly held by Armistice Capital Master Fund, Ltd. (the “Master Fund”), a Cayman Islands exempted company, and may be deemed to be indirectly beneficially owned by Armistice Capital, LLC (“Armistice”), as the investment manager of the Master Fund; and Steven Boyd, as the Managing Member of Armistice. Armistice and Steven Boyd disclaim beneficial ownership of the reported securities except to the extent of their respective pecuniary interest therein. The Warrants are subject to a 4.99% beneficial ownership limitation that precludes the Master Fund from exercising any portion of the Warrants to the extent that, following such exercise, the Master Fund’s beneficial ownership of our then outstanding Common Stock would exceed 4.99%. The number of shares set forth in the above table do not reflect the application of this limitation, but the percentages in the table do give effect to such beneficial ownership limitation. The address of the Master Fund is c/o Armistice Capital, LLC, 510 Madison Avenue, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10022.
(5) These shares are comprised of (i) 701,301 shares of common stock and (ii) 2,857,144 shares of common stock issuable upon the exercise of the Warrants.
(6) The selling stockholder purchased or received the Warrants in the ordinary course of business and, at the time of purchase of the securities that are registered for resale, the selling stockholders had no agreements or understanding, directly or indirectly with any person to distribute securities.
(7) Each of the selling stockholders is affiliated with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC, a registered broker dealer and has a registered address of c/o H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC, 430 Park Ave, 3rd Floor, New York, NY 10022, and has sole voting and dispositive power over the securities held. H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC acted as our exclusive placement agent in connection with our financings consummated in December 2022 and February 2023.
(8) Consists of warrants to purchase shares of our common stock.
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
We are registering the Registered Securities on behalf of the selling stockholders. The selling stockholders and any of their pledgees, assignees, distributees, and successors-in-interest in the Registered Securities received after the date of this prospectus from the selling stockholders as a partnership distribution, gift, pledge, or other transfer, may, from time to time, sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of any or all of the shares of our common stock covered hereby on the Nasdaq Capital Market or any other stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the common stock is traded or in private transactions. These dispositions may be at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of the sale, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices. The selling stockholders may use any one or more of the following methods when selling common stock:
|·||ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;|
|·||block trades in which the broker-dealer will attempt to sell the common stock as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;|
|·||purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;|
|·||exchange distributions in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;|
|·||privately negotiated transactions;|
|·||settlement of short sales;|
|·||transactions through broker-dealers that agree with the selling stockholders to sell a specified number of such common stock at a stipulated price per security;|
|·||through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;|
|·||a combination of any such methods of sale; or|
|·||any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.|
The selling stockholders may, from time to time, pledge or grant a security interest in some or all of the Registered Securities owned by them and, if they default in the performance of their secured obligations, the pledgees or secured parties may offer and sell the Registered Securities, from time to time, under this prospectus, or under an amendment to this prospectus under Rule 424(b)(3) or other applicable provision of the Securities Act amending the list of selling stockholders to include the pledgee, transferee or other successors in interest as selling stockholders under this prospectus. The selling stockholders also may transfer the Registered Securities in other circumstances, in which case the transferees, pledgees or other successors in interest will be the selling beneficial owners for purposes of this prospectus.
In connection with the sale of the Registered Securities, the selling stockholders may enter into hedging transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions, which may in turn engage in short sales of the Registered Securities in the course of hedging the positions they assume. To the extent permitted by applicable securities laws, the selling stockholders may also sell the Registered Securities short and deliver these securities to close out their short positions, or loan or pledge the Registered Securities to broker-dealers that in turn may sell these securities. The selling stockholders may also enter into option or other transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions or the creation of one or more derivative securities which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financial institution of the Registered Securities offered by this prospectus, which Registered Securities such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).
The aggregate proceeds to the selling stockholders from the sale of the Registered Securities offered by them will be the purchase price of the Registered Securities less discounts or commissions, if any. Each of the selling stockholders reserves the right to accept and, together with their agents from time to time, to reject, in whole or in part, any proposed purchase of the Registered Securities to be made directly or through agents. We will not receive any of the proceeds from this offering.
The selling stockholders also may resell all or a portion of the Registered Securities in open market transactions in reliance upon Rule 144 under the Securities Act, provided that they meet the criteria and conform to the requirements of that rule.
The selling stockholders and any underwriters, broker-dealers or agents that participate in the sale of the Registered Securities or interests therein may be “underwriters” within the meaning of Section 2(11) of the Securities Act. Any discounts, commissions, concessions or profit they earn on any resale of the Registered Securities covered by this prospectus may be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act. Selling stockholders who are “underwriters” within the meaning of Section 2(11) of the Securities Act will be subject to the prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act.
To the extent required, the Registered Securities to be sold, the names of the selling stockholders, the respective purchase prices and public offering prices, the names of any agents, dealer or underwriter, any applicable commissions or discounts with respect to a particular offer will be set forth in an accompanying prospectus supplement or, if appropriate, a post-effective amendment to the registration statement that includes this prospectus.
In order to comply with the securities laws of some states, if applicable, the Registered Securities may be sold in these jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in some states the Registered Securities may not be sold unless it has been registered or qualified for sale or an exemption from registration or qualification requirements is available and is complied with.
Description of Securities
Description of Capital Stock
The following description summarizes the material terms of Checkpoint capital stock. Because it is only a summary, it does not contain all the information that may be important to you. For a complete description of our capital stock, you should refer to our certificate of incorporation, our bylaws and to the provisions of applicable Delaware law.
Our common stock is traded on The Nasdaq Capital Market, or the Exchange, under the symbol “CKPT”.
The authorized capital stock of Checkpoint consists of 50,000,000 shares of common stock, of which 700,000 shares have been designated as Class A common stock. The description of our Class A common stock in this item is for information purposes only. All of the Class A common stock has been issued to Fortress. Class A common stock is identical to common stock other than as to voting rights, the election of directors for a definite period, and conversion rights. On any matter presented to our stockholders for their action or consideration at any meeting of our stockholders (or by written consent of stockholders in lieu of meeting), each holder of outstanding shares of Class A common stock will be entitled to cast for each share of Class A common stock held by such holder as of the record date for determining stockholders entitled to vote on such matter, the number of votes that is equal to one and one-tenth (1.1) times a fraction, the numerator of which is the sum of the shares of outstanding common stock and the denominator of which is the number of shares of outstanding Class A common stock. Thus, the Class A common stock will at all times constitute a voting majority. For a period of ten (10) years from the date of the first issuance of shares of Class A common stock expiring in 2025 (the “Class A Director Period”), the holders of record of the shares of Class A common stock (or other capital stock or securities issued upon conversion of or in exchange for the Class A common stock), exclusively and as a separate class, will be entitled to appoint or elect the majority of the directors of Checkpoint (the “Class A Directors”). Finally, each share of Class A common stock is convertible, at the option of the holder, into one fully paid and nonassessable share of common stock (the “Conversion Ratio”), subject to certain adjustments.
If Checkpoint at any time effects a subdivision of the outstanding common stock (or other capital stock or securities at the time issuable upon conversion of the Class A common stock) by any stock split, stock dividend, recapitalization or otherwise, the applicable Conversion Ratio in effect immediately before that subdivision will be proportionately decreased so that the number of shares of common stock (or other capital stock or securities at the time issuable upon conversion of the Class A common stock) issuable on conversion of each share of Class A common stock will be increased in proportion to such increase in the aggregate number of shares of common stock (or other capital stock or securities at the time issuable upon conversion of the Class A common stock) outstanding. If Checkpoint at any time combines the outstanding shares of common stock, the applicable Conversion Ratio in effect immediately before the combination will be proportionately increased so that the number of shares of common stock (or other capital stock or securities at the time issuable upon conversion of the Class A common stock) issuable on conversion of each share of Class A common stock will be decreased in proportion to such decrease in the aggregate number of shares of common stock (or other capital stock or securities at the time issuable upon conversion of the Class A common stock) outstanding. Additionally, if any reorganization, recapitalization, reclassification, consolidation or merger involving Checkpoint occurs in which the common stock (but not the Class A common stock) is converted into or exchanged for securities, cash or other property (other than a transaction involving the subdivision or combination of the common stock), then, following any such reorganization, recapitalization, reclassification, consolidation or merger, each share of Class A common stock becomes convertible into the kind and amount of securities, cash or other property which such Class A Stockholder would have been entitled to receive had he or she converted the Class A Shares immediately before said transaction. In such case, appropriate adjustment (as determined in good faith by the Board of Directors of Checkpoint) will be made in the application of the provisions of Checkpoint’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation relating the subdivision or combination of the common stock with respect to the rights and interests thereafter of the holders of the Class A common stock, such that the provisions set forth in of Checkpoint’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation relating to the subdivision or combination of the common stock (including the provisions with respect to changes in and other adjustments of the applicable Conversion Ratio) will thereafter be applicable, as nearly as reasonably may be, in relation to any securities or other property thereafter deliverable upon the conversion of the Class A common stock. Checkpoint is not authorized to issue preferred stock.
The holders of outstanding shares of our common stock, including Class A Common Stock, are entitled to receive dividends out of funds legally available at the times and in the amounts that our board of directors may determine. All dividends are non-cumulative.
The holders of our common stock are entitled to one vote for each share of common stock held on all matters submitted to a vote of the stockholders, including the election of directors, except as to the Class A Directors during the Class A Director Period. Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws do not provide for cumulative voting rights.
Liquidation and Dissolution
Upon our liquidation, dissolution, or winding-up, the assets legally available for distribution to our stockholders would be distributable ratably among the holders of our common stock, including Class A Common Stock, outstanding at that time after payment of other claims of creditors, if any.
The holders of our common stock have no preemptive, conversion, or subscription rights, and there are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to our common stock.
All of the outstanding shares of our common stock, including Class A common stock, are duly issued, fully paid and non-assessable.
We have never declared or paid any dividends. We currently intend to retain earnings, if any, for use in our business. We do not anticipate paying dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination to declare dividends will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on our financial condition, operating results, capital requirements, general business conditions, and other factors that our board of directors may deem relevant.
The validity of the securities offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Alston & Bird LLP, New York, New York. Additional legal matters may be passed upon for us or any underwriters, dealers or agents, by counsel that we will name in any applicable prospectus supplement.
The financial statements as of December 31, 2021 and 2020 and for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2021 incorporated by reference in this prospectus have been so incorporated in reliance on the report of BDO USA, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, incorporated herein by reference, given on the authority of said firm as experts in auditing and accounting.
As of July 15, 2022, KPMG LLP was engaged as our registered independent public accounting firm.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
We file reports with the SEC on an annual basis using Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K. The SEC maintains a website that contains annual, quarterly, and current reports, proxy statements, and other information that issuers (including us) file electronically with the SEC. The SEC’s website address is www.sec.gov. You can also obtain copies of materials we file with the SEC from our internet website found at www.checkpointtx.com. Our stock is quoted on the Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “CKPT.”
This prospectus is only part of a registration statement on Form S-3 that we have filed with the SEC under the Securities Act and therefore omits certain information contained in the registration statement. We have also filed exhibits and schedules with the registration statement that are excluded from this prospectus, and you should refer to the applicable exhibit or schedule for a complete description of any statement referring to any contract or other document. You may inspect a copy of the registration statement, including the exhibits and schedules, without charge, at the SEC’s website.
INCORPORATION OF CERTAIN DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE
The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” the information we file with them, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents instead of having to repeat the information in this prospectus and any prospectus supplement. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be part of this prospectus, and later information that we file with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information. This prospectus incorporates by reference the documents listed below (other than, unless otherwise specifically indicated, current reports furnished under Item 2.02 or Item 7.01 of Form 8-K and exhibits filed on such form that are related to such items):
|a)||Our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, filed with the SEC on March 28, 2022;|
|b)||Our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2022, June 30, 2022, and September 30, 2022 filed with the SEC on May 12, 2022, and August 12, 2022, and November 10, 2022 respectively;|
|c)||Our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 25, 2022, June 15, 2022, June 16, 2022, July 21, 2022, November 4, 2022, December 5, 2022, December 16, 2022, January 4, 2023, February 22, 2023, and March 2, 2023;|
|d)||Our Definitive Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A, filed with the SEC on April 29, 2022; and|
Description of our common stock, which is contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 28, 2022.
All reports and other documents we subsequently file pursuant to Section 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act prior to the termination of this offering, including all such documents we may file with the SEC after the date of the initial registration statement and prior to the effectiveness of the registration statement, but excluding any information furnished to, rather than filed with, the SEC, will also be incorporated by reference into this prospectus and deemed to be part of this prospectus from the date of the filing of such reports and documents.
We will provide to each person, including any beneficial owner, to whom a copy of this prospectus is delivered, a copy of any or all of the information that we have incorporated by reference into this prospectus and any related prospectus, but not delivered with this prospectus and any related prospectus. We will provide this information upon written or oral request at no cost to the requester. You may request this information by contacting our corporate headquarters at the following address: 95 Sawyer Road, Suite 110, Waltham, Massachusetts 02453, Attn: Chief Financial Officer, or by calling (781) 652-4500.
Checkpoint Therapeutics, Inc.
2,942,858 Shares of Common Stock underlying certain Series A Warrants, Series B Warrants and Placement Agent Warrants
INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS
Item 14. Other Expenses of Issuance and Distribution
|Amount to Be Paid|
|U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission registration fee||$||1,710.70|
|Legal fees and expenses||*|
|Accounting fees and expenses||*|
* These fees and expenses are calculated based on the number of issuances and amount of securities offered and accordingly cannot be estimated at this time. An estimate of the aggregate amount of these expenses will be reflected in the applicable prospectus supplement.
Item 15. Indemnification of Directors and Officers
Under the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (“DGCL”), a corporation may include provisions in its certificate of incorporation that will relieve its directors of monetary liability for breaches of their fiduciary duty to the corporation, except under certain circumstances, including a breach of the director’s duty of loyalty, acts or omissions of the director not in good faith or which involve intentional misconduct or a knowing violation of law, the approval of an improper payment of a dividend or an improper purchase by the corporation of stock or any transaction from which the director derived an improper personal benefit. The Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation eliminates the personal liability of directors to the Company or its stockholders for monetary damages for breach of fiduciary duty as a director with certain limited exceptions set forth in the DGCL.
Section 145 of the DGCL grants to corporations the power to indemnify each officer and director against liabilities and expenses incurred by reason of the fact that he or she is or was an officer or director of the corporation if he or she acted in good faith and in a manner he or she reasonably believed to be in or not opposed to the best interests of the corporation and, with respect to any criminal action or proceeding, had no reasonable cause to believe his or her conduct was unlawful. The Company’s Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaws provide for indemnification of each officer and director of the Company to the fullest extent permitted by the DGCL. Section 145 of the DGCL also empowers corporations to purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was an officer or director of the corporation against liability asserted against or incurred by him in any such capacity, whether or not the corporation would have the power to indemnify such officer or director against such liability under the provisions of Section 145 of the DGCL.
Item 16. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
The exhibits to the Registration Statement are listed in the Exhibit Index attached hereto and incorporated by reference herein.
Item 17. Undertakings
|(a)||The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes:|
|1.||To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:|
(i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933;
(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement;
(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
provided, however, that paragraphs (1)(i), (1)(ii) and (1)(iii) of this section do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in reports filed with or furnished to the SEC by the registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.
|2.||That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.|
|3.||To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.|
|4.||That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser:|
(i) Each prospectus filed by the registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and
(ii) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by Section 10(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.
|5.||That, for the purpose of determining liability of the registrant under the Securities Act of 1933 to any purchaser in the initial distribution of the securities, the undersigned registrant undertakes that in a primary offering of securities of the undersigned registrant pursuant to this registration statement, regardless of the underwriting method used to sell the securities to the purchaser, if the securities are offered or sold to such purchaser by means of any of the following communications, the undersigned registrant will be a seller to the purchaser and will be considered to offer or sell such securities to such purchaser:|
(i) Any preliminary prospectus or prospectus of the undersigned registrant relating to the offering required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424;
(ii) Any free writing prospectus relating to the offering prepared by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant or used or referred to by the undersigned registrant;
(iii) The portion of any other free writing prospectus relating to the offering containing material information about the undersigned registrant or its securities provided by or on behalf of the undersigned registrant; and
(iv) Any other communication that is an offer in the offering made by the undersigned registrant to the purchaser.
|(b)||The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act of 1933, each filing of the registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefits plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.|
|(c)||The undersigned registrant hereby undertakes to supplement the prospectus, after the expiration of the subscription period, to set forth the results of the subscription offer, the transactions by the underwriters during the subscription period, the amount of unsubscribed securities to be purchased by the underwriters, and the terms of any subsequent reoffering thereof. If any public offering by the underwriters is to be made on terms differing from those set forth on the cover page of the prospectus, a post-effective amendment will be filed to set forth the terms of such offering.|
|(d)||Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question of whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.|
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the registrant has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
|CHECKPOINT THERAPEUTICS, INC.|
|Date: March 10, 2023||By:||/s/ James F. Oliviero|
|Name:||James F. Oliviero|
|Title:||President and Chief Executive Officer|
POWER OF ATTORNEY
We, the undersigned directors and/or executive officers of Checkpoint Therapeutics, Inc., hereby severally constitute and appoint James F. Oliviero, acting singly, his or her true and lawful attorney-in-fact and agent, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him or her in any and all capacities, to sign this registration statement and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorney-in-fact and agent full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing necessary or appropriate to be done in connection therewith, as fully for all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby approving, ratifying and confirming all that said attorney-in-fact and agent, or his substitute, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
|/s/ James F. Oliviero||Chief Executive Officer and President||March 10, 2023|
|James F. Oliviero||(Principal Executive Officer)|
|/s/ Garrett Gray||Chief Financial Officer||March 10, 2023|
|Garrett Gray||(Principal Financial Officer)|
|Chairman of the Board||March 10, 2023|
|Michael S. Weiss|
|/s/ Lindsay A. Rosenwald, M.D.||Director||March 10, 2023|
|Lindsay A. Rosenwald, M.D.|
|/s/ Scott Boilen||Director||March 10, 2023|
|/s/ Neil Herskowitz||Director||March 10, 2023|
|/s/ Barry Salzman||Director||March 10, 2023|
|/s/ Christian Béchon||Director||March 10, 2023|
|4.1||Specimen certificate evidencing shares of common stock, filed as Exhibit 4.1 to Form 10-12G filed on July 11, 2016 (File No. 000-55506) and incorporated herein by reference.|
|4.2||Form of Pre-Funded Common Stock Purchase Warrant, filed as exhibit 4.1 to Form 8-K filed on February 22, 2023 and incorporated herein by reference.|
|4.3||Form of Series A/B Common Stock Purchase Warrant, filed as exhibit 4.2 to Form 8-K filed on February 22, 2023 and incorporated herein by reference.|
|4.4||Form of Placement Agent Warrant, filed as exhibit 4.3 to Form 8-K filed on February 22, 2023 and incorporated herein by reference.|
|5.1||Opinion of Alston & Bird LLP.|
|23.1||Consent of BDO USA, LLP, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.|
|23.2||Consent of Alston & Bird LLP (to be included in Exhibit 5.1).|
|24.1||Power of Attorney (included on signature page).|
|107||Filing Fee Table (filed herewith).|